Institute for 

Intercultural and International Studies


Links to 'Culture and Conflict in the Middle East and North Africa' Last update: 01/03/00 

Click here for Latest additions (since 15/08/99) 

(B. Trautner)

Neu: deutsch kommentierte Linksammlungen

Der 11. September 2001 und seine Folgen

Dialog der Kulturen

Islam und muslimische Zivilisationen: Teil I Länder und Regionen

[Media resources] [online books, databanks etc.]
[Country reports, gov't homepages] [Link compilations]
[Middle East Research] [Political bodies]
[Political opposition] [Constitutional Law]
[Dialogue between civilizations]
[Human rights ]
[links to research on Islam and Muslim Civilization]

Disclaimer:

Die hier angegebenen links stehen in keiner persönlichen oder institutionellen Verbindung mit dem Autor der homepage oder mit dem InIIS bzw. der Universität Bremen. Die Aufnahme von links in diese private Sammlung kann nicht als Parteinahme oder Unterstützung für den jeweiligen Anbieter oder gegen einen dort nicht aufgenommenen Anbieter gelten. Die Verantwortung für die dort angebotenen Informationen liegt ausschließlich bei diesen Anbietern.
Aufgabe der link-Sammlung ist es, den Zugang zu Informationen für die wissenschaftliche Auswertung zu erleichtern.

B. Trautner

Media resources

MidEast Web Digest: Sources

CNN Custom News

WashingtonPost.com: Asia/Pacific

BBC World Service - Africa and Middle East Home Page

BBC World Service in Arabic

WashingtonPost.com + Associated Press: The Middle East

al-Hayat (London)

Bulletin of Regional Cooperation in the Middle East

Iran: Culture: Magazines (NEDA-provider)

RFE/RL Persian Service

Iran: Mehregan's Full Text Articles

Iran_E_Farda Monthly Mag. (Semi-Opposition, 'social-democrats': E. Sahabi)

Iran: Ettelaat (Überseeausgabe, official 'rast-e modern')

Iran: Ettelaat (Original edition)

TehranTimes

Iran: Alef, A web magazine of Culture, Arts and Literature - Pre Issue no. 1

Iran: IRANSHAR

ZAN-Iranian women (Montreal)

Iran: Enghelab-e Islami (Bani Sadr, Paris - from .se)

IRAN: THE IRANIAN

Iran: Kiyan Magazine (pro-Sorush) (Apadana server, currently invalid)

IRAN: Presseschau (farsi) /Iranshahr (USA)

Iran: official newspaper (from IRNA?, 'rast-e modern'? in Farsi)

HAMSHAHRI (Persian Daily)

Islamic Republic News Agency Home page, IRNA

Iran: Kayhan - national news

IRAN: THE IRANIAN

Iran: SALAM-NEWS Home Page

Iran Review ( Foreign Ministry of the Islamic Republic of Iran)

BBC World Service in Persian

iran-gooya-irananian links

Iran: Ettelaat (Überseeausgabe, official 'rast-e modern')

Critique: Journal for Critical Studies of the Middle East

Al WATAN AL ARABI

Algerie: TRIBUNE ONLINE

Libanon: lbcsat.com

'Süd-Turkmenistan': Gengesh

Qatar: Raya Newspaper Homepage

Kuwait: al-mukhtalif

Palestine Today

Welcome to Elshaab Home Pages

Pakistan News Service

Libanon: Al Manar Television

Exile Tunisia (London): Almustakillah international weekly arabic newspaper (al-Hamdi, ex-nahda)

Sudan: Addaraweesh

Mideast Mirror Daily News Digest: Offical Web Site

Sawat Al Jabha

AL JAMAA REVIEW

Arab Information Network - Naseej

Jemen: al-Ayyam

Middle East Security Report (MESR) Bulletin

Palästina: Sautelhaqe -Walhoria

BBC News | Middle East

Ägypten: President Addresses

Arabic News .com Front Page for Arab News

Türkei offiziell: Presseschau

Palästina Diaspora: Ebal

Palestine Times

Birzeit News: Front Door

Neda Rayaneh Institute

Pakistan: DAWN

MID-EAST REALITIES - WWW.MiddleEast.Org

Egypt: Al-Ahram Weekly

I S L A M I C V O I C E - Indien

Search for Common Ground: Bulletin

Morocco Today

Islamic Republic News Agency Home page, IRNA

The Middle East Times

Free Arab Voice

Al-Hayat arab. (London): Seitenübersicht

Palästina: Al-Ayyam (arab.)

AD-DUSTOUR: JORDANIAN ARABIC DAILY

La Revue du Liban

The Arabic Newsstand - AMIN

Jordan Times Newspaper

Jerusalem Times

Jerusalem Post Internet Edition

US-Information Service: ISRAEL

Ha'aretz English version

Virtual Jerusalem -- The Jerusalem Report

BEIRUT TIMES WEEKLY THE LARGEST ARAB AMERICAN NEWSPAPER IN THE UNITED STATES

Jordan: The Star

Saudi-Arabien (London): Asharq Al Awsat Home Page (kostenpflichtig!)

London: Palestine Times

Palestine/Ramallah Al-Quds al-Arabi

The Latest News on Central Eurasia

UAE: KHALEEJ TIMES Online

Pakistan: DAWN Newspaper, Karachi

Bahrain: ALAYAM (English News)

Bahrain: BAHRAIN TRIBUNE

Egypt: Cairo Press Review

Maghreb Net Resources: Resources\News

Lebanon: NEWSWIRE - lokale Nachrichten

Washington/DC: Washington Report on Middle East Affairs

AFRICA INTELLIGENCE - MAGHREB CONFIDENTIEL

Libanon: As-Safir Arabic Political Daily

Libanon: An-Nahar Home Page

London: almustakillah international weekly arabic newspaper (frmr Tunesian an-Nahda member: al-Hamdi)

London: alhayat: ARCHIV

Pakistani Newspapers Online

Syrian offial: Teshreen online

INFO-TURK: non-government information service on Turkey


Latest additions (since 15/08/99):

Kuwait Multimedia Center

Pakistan Television Official Home Page

Saudi TV Channel One US Information Page

Centre for Arab Unity Studies

[Media resources][online books, databanks etc.] [Country reports, gov't homepages] [Link compilations][Middle East Research][Political bodies][Political opposition][Constitutional Law][Dialogue between civilizations][Human rights ][links to research on Islam and Muslim Civilization]

(online) books, databanks etc.

 Egypt: Al-Ahram Weekly

National Geographic: Middle East map

The Iranian WebGuide: Media

AL-Maktabah as-Salafiyyah - Purifying the Way

Militär und Islam in der Türkei

G. Perrault: Notre Ami Le Roi (de Maroc) On-line

M. Yacoubian: Algeria's Struggle for Democracy

Cairo Demographic Center (CDC)

CSIS Middle East Publications (CORDESMAN)

Milli Kütüphane Veri Tabanýna Hoþ Geldiniz (Türkische Nationalbibliothek)

Missing-Link - I B Tauris Neuerscheinungen 97

The Middle East in the 21st Century

Uni Würzburg: Verfassungen (International Constitutional Law ICL)

Religious or Belief Information Network (ROBIN): Middle East - North Africa

Islamic Law Materials on the Net

Islamic Bookstore .com -- Islamic Books, Islamic Gifts, Islamic Software, Islamic Audio, and more!

MSANEWS HAMAS GATEWAY

Morgenstern Islam

GIBRAN

The Edward Said Archive (TESA) Coming Soon

The Online Islamic Bookstore - Home Page (ISLAM MUSLIMS BOOKS)

Verlag: Dar Al-Fikr (English version)

New MSANEWS Archive Simple Search Engine

Teheran: Central Asia and the Caucasus Review

Iranian Journal of Inernational Relations

Foreign Policy (Teheran) Abstracts

IRAN: Farmanframian: Blood & oil excerpt

Pak Books SPRING 1997 CATALOG By Author

Orientalischer Buch Vertrieb: catalog `97

Joppa Books Web Site

IRAN (Exil): Mage Publ.

Heiner Bielefeldt - Muslim Voices in the Human Rights Debate - Human Rights Quarterly 17:4

THE MIDEAST PEACE PROCESS

Middle East Scholars: Searchable Gopher

Middle East Directories

Muslim Scholars Homepage: Kurzbiographien islamischer Geistlicher - online

Verlag E.J. Brill (searchable gopher)

The Islamic Texts Society Online Catalogue

Glossary of Islamic Terms and Concepts

Volltext: Koran, div. Hadith-Sammlungen u.a.

Asabiyah Books - Home Page

Online Concise "Encyclopedia" of Afghanistan

librairie Avicenne

Verlag: Kegan Paul International

Le Monde Diplomatique: Wörterbuch des Mittleren Osten (Les 100 Portes du Proche-Orient)

Maps of the Middle East

Encyclopaedia of the Orient


Lastest additions (since 15/08/99):

Farid El Khatib: Report On The Middle East Home Page

Iran (in farsi): DPI Law System Public Page

[Media resources][online books, databanks etc.] [Country reports, gov't homepages] [Link compilations][Middle East Research][Political bodies][Political opposition][Constitutional Law][Dialogue between civilizations][Human rights ][links to research on Islam and Muslim Civilization]

 

Country reports, gov't homepages

Asia-Reflect Net: Länderberichte Süd- u. Südostasien

Library of Congress / Federal Research Division / Country Studies / Area Handbook Series / Iran

RFE/RL Iran Report

Iran: Außenministerium

Iran: Welcome to the Islamic Consultative Assembly

iran-gooya-irananian links

Iran Iranian Yellow Pages and Shopping Mall

Welcome to Persia.Net Online

IRAN: ON LINE

Mission of I.R.IRAN

Palestinian Information Center

EURASIA RESEARCH CENTER'S IRANIAN WORLD

Taliban Online

Chechen Republic Home Page

Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Cumhurbaþkanlýðý

TÜRK S|LAHLI KUVVETLER|

WELCOME TO THE WEBSITE OF TURKISH EMBASSY, WASHINGTON, DC - www.turkey.org

Türkei: Außenministerium

REPUBLIC OF TURKEY, PRIME MINISTRY: STATE INSTITUTE OF STATISTICS (SIS)

DIÞ T|CARET MÜSTEÞARLIÐI-UNDERSECRETARIAT OF FOREIGN TRADE

DOHA - MENA Economic Conference 97

UAE HOMEPAGE

Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Qatar - Entrance

UNO: Gulf States Relations

UAE: HOMEPAGE

The Federation of Arab Emirates

Western Sahara - Sahara Occidental

Marokko: Regierung/Ministères

Maroc - Casanet - Morocco

Libyan Affairs Home Page

Institut Jamâhîrîyen d'Etudes et de Documentation

Libyana

Libyen - offizielle Homepage

People's Assembly (Arab Rebublic of Egypt)

Egypt Information Highway

The Egyptian Presidency

http://ourworld.compuse...es/jamahir/jsroster.htm

Sudan Foundation, an Independent Body

Cahiers d'Orient: Numéro spécial Algérie

News in Arabic and French about Algeria

Algerien: Informations- u. Linkseite der 'Diplo'

Permanent Mission of Algeria to the United Nations : Home Page

Tadschikistan

The Sudan Foundation - Main Index Page

Saudi Arabia Yesterday and Today

King Faisal Foundation-Homepage

Saudi-Arabien: Ministry of Higher Education Homepage

Latest News about Saudi Arabia

Library of Congress / Federal Research Division / Country Studies / Area Handbook Series / Saudi Arabia

Stanford: Iranian Cultural & Information Center

The (almost) Complete Guide to WWW in Israel -- Politics : Peace

Israel: Außenministerium

Middle East Regional and Country Resources (Columbia U)

Palnet: Palestine The Promising Land

Palästina: Palnet Communications Ltd. Homepage

Kurdish Library and Documentation Centre

Tunisia Online News Resources

JORDANIEN: Web Server Of The Hashemite Kingdom Of Jordan

Middle East Water Information Network

ArmeniaNet Service!

The Government of Pakistan

The Government of Pakistan Official Home Page

NETIRAN Main Menu

Penn-State Länderberichte über Afrika

Near East Asia: Country Information

Tschetschenien: inoffizielle HomePage

U.S.-Dpt. of State: Azerbaijan

Aserbaidschan: Adil Baguirov's VIRTUAL AZERBAIJAN REPUBLIC

Kurdistan Observer

Sudan Embassy Germany

1998 Human Rights Report - Iran

Welcome To Tarbiat Modares University

Iraq online


Latest additions (since 15/08/99):

Presidency of the Islamic Republic of Iran - The Official Site

Iranian cabinet members

Welcome to IRIB  Web site

Royal Institute of International Affairs - Middle East ProgrammeRoyal Institute of International Affairs - Middle East Programme

YEMENI ISLAH PARTY

Africa

Afghanistan: Bienvenue sur Ahmad Shah Massoud

BBC News | In-depth | Iran: The struggle for change | Who holds the power

[Media resources][online books, databanks etc.] [Country reports, gov't homepages] [Link compilations][Middle East Research][Political bodies][Political opposition][Constitutional Law][Dialogue between civilizations][Human rights ][links to research on Islam and Muslim Civilization]

 

Link compilations

Suhuf Interface-- A Guide to Arabic and Islamic News Services on the Internet

Middle East Internet Directory

MSANEWS Home Page

MSANEWS LaunchPad

The Islamic Interlink

Islamic Law Materials on the Net

Columbia University: MIDDLE EAST STUDIES RESOURCES

UCLA Library Middle Eastern, Armenian and Central Asian Studies

ArabNet: THE ONLINE RESOURCE FOR THE ARAB WORLD IN THE MIDDLE EAST & NORTH AFRICA

Harvard/Links to Other Centers for Middle Eastern Studies

Kaukasus: link-Sammlung Asian Studies Caucasus

Zentralasien: Link-Sammlung (Open society - G. Soros)

Zentralasien (Australian Nat'l University)

The Web of True Blue's Middle-Eastern and Arab Resources

Arabesque, your guide to the Arab world

Arabia.com/Diverse

Arab Links

Norwegen/Middle Eastern links

Internet Islamic History Sourcebook

Asian Studies WWW VL

Latest additions (since 15/08/99):

Link-Sammlung der Islamwissenschaft Berlin

Mediterranean Cooperation and Development: Country profiles

[Media resources][online books, databanks etc.] [Country reports, gov't homepages] [Link compilations][Middle East Research][Political bodies][Political opposition][Constitutional Law][Dialogue between civilizations][Human rights ][links to research on Islam and Muslim Civilization]

 

Middle East Research

Arab Studies Journal

MERIA - Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies

Iranian Studies

Welcome to the FOUNDATION for Iranian Studies

What is Encyclopedia Iranica

Teheran: IPIS-Institute for Political and International Studies

Sudan Foundation, an Independent Body

Israel/Palestine Center for Research and Information (IPCRI)

CiAS Front Page

Ibn Khaldoun Center for Develpment Studies

Society for Syrian Studies, Research and Development

About Institude Of Overseas Pakistanis

Al- Urdun Al- Jadid Research Center (UJRC)

ASSR (Arab Social Science Research)

Lebanese Center for Policy Studies - Publications

Malaysia: International Islamic University Homepage

Aga Khan University Homepage

Al-Akhawayn/MOROCCO: ISLAMIC CULTURE AND ARTS RESEARCH CENTER

Al Akhawayn University in Ifrane

SOAS: Geography: Water Issues Group

Chicago: Center for Islamic Thought & Research

CB14 - MBendi - Council of Arab Economic Unity

Applied Research Institute/Jerusalem: Eye on Palestine

American University of Beirut Home Page

American University in Cairo - Europa-Server

Am. U. in Cairo U Press - gopher

Center for Palestine Research and Studies (CPRS)

Institute for Palestine Studies (IPS)

University of London: SOAS

SOAS-London: CIMEL

U.C. Berkeley Center For Middle Eastern Studies Homepage

Michigan Center for Middle Eastern and North African Studies (CMENAS)

Penn-State: The Middle East Center

Int'l Inst. of Islamic Thought, Herndon/VA

Institute of Islamic and Arabic Sciences in America (IIASA)

Middle East Studies Association Bulletin

Resources for Middle East Studies, MESA Bulletin

Universitätsbibliothek Tübingen: Sammelschwerpunkt Vorderer Orient, einschl. Nordafrika

Foreign Policy Institute (Türkei - offiziös)

DAVO - Deutsche Arbeitsgemeinschaft Vorder Orient

Middle East Studies/UT at Austin

Penn-University/African Studies

Welcome to Harvard's Center for Middle Eastern Studies

Georgetown-Center for Contemporary Arab Studies

United Arab Emirates: University Home Page

Palestine: Birzeit University Homepage

Frankreich/Libanon: Centre d´Études et de Recherches sur le Moyen-Orient Contemporain (CERMOC), Beirut u.a.

Frankreich: Institut du monde Arabe (IMA), Paris

Frankreich: Institut de recherches et d'études sur le monde arabo-musulman (IREMAM), Aix-en-Pvce

Australian Nat'l University: Asian Studies - Caucasus

University of Texas: Center for Middle Eastern Studies (MENIC), Austin

[The Arab Documentation Center]

Research Activities, Mediterranean Programme - General Description

ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY PAKISTAN

Middle East Studies Centre - Main Menu

Zentrum Moderner Orient / Center for Modern Oriental Studies, Berlin

Deutsches Orient Institut, Hamburg

EURAMES


Latest additions (since 15/08/99):

Zentrum für Türkeistudien / Türkiye Arastirmalar Merkezi / Center for Studies on Turkey

Ali Abootalebi's Home Page

Paris: INSTITUT DU MONDE ARABE

Edition Wuqûf - Wuqûf Consult - MECRIREP

Leiden/Netherlands: International Institute for the Study of Islam in the Modern World (ISIM)

Sonderforschungsbereich 295 , Universität Mainz, sfb 295

Istanbul: Orient-Institut der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft, DMG

Beirut: Orient-Institut der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft, DMG (OIB)

Halle/Germany: Institut für Orientalistik: Orientwissenschaftliches Zentrum

Beirut: Centre for Arab Unity Studies

[Media resources][online books, databanks etc.] [Country reports, gov't homepages] [Link compilations][Middle East Research][Political bodies][Political opposition][Constitutional Law][Dialogue between civilizations][Human rights ][links to research on Islam and Muslim Civilization]

Political bodies/Civil society

Arab League

The Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC)

Middle East: Search for common ground

 

Political opposition/Civil society

Committee for the Defense of Legal Rights (CDLR) Saudi-Arabien: militante Opposition (Mas'ari!)

Home page of Harakat Moudjtamaa As-Silm - Algeria

Liberte Algerie: Page d'Accueil

Iraqi National Congress

Patriotic Union of Kurdistan

Iraq/Opposition SAIRI

Ibn Khaldoun Center for Develpment Studies

Tunesien-Opp.: EZZEITOUNA

Maroc Liberté/Radio Islam/ Pour: un Front Islamique de liberation du Maroc. Pour une révolution islamique pour la liberté au Maroc. Pour un mouvement islamique uni uni au Maroc. Pour plus de liberté et moins d´interdits! Dans l´Islam: la liberté est la régle, l´interdit est l´exception.

Hezbollah - Home Page

Hamas - Home Page

The Iraq Foundation Home Page

NFSL

Mehregan/Iran Teacher's Assoc.: Full Text Articles in Farsi

Iranische Exilorganisation/Frankreich, Irak: Mudschaheddin-e Chalq (Rajawi) Iran-e-Azad

~"Peace Now" in Israel

Bahrain: Voice of Bahrain (schiitische Opposition)

Front Islamique du Salut

The Foundation for Democracy in Iran

The Islamic State of Afghanistan (London Embassy - Rabbani)

Algerien: RASSEMBLEMENT POUR LA CULTURE ET LA DEMOCRATIE

London/Saudi-Arabien: The Movement for Islamic Reform in Arabia (MIRA)

Jammu & Kashmir Liberation Front/Pakistan server

Jammu & Kashmir Liberation Front/US-server

Washington Kurdish Institute

Comité du Kurdistan

al-Saud House

National Movement of Iranian Resistance Iran

Welcome to the Hompage of O.R.W.I.(Rahe kargar)

Fazilet Partisi/Virtue party (Turkey)


Turkey: Independent Enterprise Organisation MÜSÝAD

Latest additions (since 15/08/99):

Tanzeem-e-Islami Home Page

Student Movement Coordination Committee for Democracy in Iran

Afghanistan: Bienvenue sur Ahmad Shah Massoud

[Media resources][online books, databanks etc.] [Country reports, gov't homepages] [Link compilations][Middle East Research][Political bodies][Political opposition][Constitutional Law][Dialogue between civilizations][Human rights ][links to research on Islam and Muslim Civilization]

 

Constitutional and Islamic Law

ISLAW - Leipzig

Uni Würzburg: ICL - International Constitutional Law

CIMEL (SOAS/Univ. of London): Islamic Law Materials on the Net

Sudan Constitution of 1998 (Sudan Foundation)

Anonymus: Islamic Law Index

Sharia Law

Stanford: The Constitution of Pakistan

ICL - Saudi Arabia - Consultative Council Establishment Act

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Arbitration Rules and Codes

ICL - Saudi Arabia - Constitution

COMMITTEE AGAINST CORRUPTION IN SAUDI ARABIA: Saudi Law

European Court of Human Rights Home Page

Contemporary Legal Rulings in Shi'i Law: Ayatullah al-'Uzma al-Seestani

Iran Constitution, Iran

Iran - Constitution, Würzburg

Türkei: The Evolution of the Modern Constitution

Türkei: Human Rights

MFA - Text on National Regulations

MFA - Constitution of the Republic of Turkey

The Constitution of the Republic of Turkey

1998 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices -- Morocco

WAAC: Algeria's Present Constitution

The Cairo Declaration of Human Rights in Islam (1990)

The Constitution of the Republic of Turkey

 

[Media resources][online books, databanks etc.] [Country reports, gov't homepages] [Link compilations][Middle East Research][Political bodies][Political opposition][Constitutional Law][Dialogue between civilizations][Human rights ][links to research on Islam and Muslim Civilization]

 

Dialogue between civilizations

Valencia III Millennium

Iran's proposal for a Dialogue among Civilizations

Centre for World Dialogue

GLOBAL DIALOGUE INSTITUTE -- GDI

Stiftung Weltethos

Latest additions (since 15/08/99):

Trautner: The Clash within Civilisations: Islam and the Accommodation of Plurality

S. Jelal al-Azm (1999): Sur l'islam, la laïcité et l'Occident

German-Kurdish Dialogue

Huntington: The Clash of Civilizations

Berlin Declaration: The Future of Relations between Western and Islamic Societies

Interkultureller Dialog

Human rights (secular)

Ibn Rushd: Fund for Freedom of Thought

Liberty For The Muslim World

www.salam.org, Justice in the Middle East

HIJRA-INTERNATIONAL Organization

Ägyptische Menschenrechtsorganisation (EOHR)

The Arab Organization for Human Rights (AOHR's unofficial webpage)

Israel: Menschenrechtsorganisation B'Tselem

Menschenrecht Türkei: MAZLUMDER ON-

Lebanese Foundation for Permanent Civil Peace (LFPCP)

Ägypten: Center for Human Rights Legal Aid (Chrla)

LAW - THE PALESTINAIN SOCIETY FOR THE PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND THE ENVIRONMENT</center>

1997 Human Rights Reports: Near East and North Africa

Stage au Maroc 1998

Le Maghreb des droits de l'Homme

HRW World Report 1999: Middle East: Human Rights Developments

American Kurdish Information Network (AKIN)

World Jerusalem Council

PeaceTalk: Message board

multaqa: The Arab Thought Forum/Jerusalem

JEWISH-ARAB INSTITUTE PROGRAMS

Applied Research Institute/Jerusalem: Eye on Palestine

USA: Council for the National Interest (CNI) anti-Israel-Lobby

Arabischer Raum: Politische u. wirtschaftliche Organisationen (einschl. UN-Tätigkeit)

USA: The American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC)

OIC General Introduction with links to details

Latest additions (since 15/08/99):

Iranians for International Cooperation

A conference of the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung: Civil Societies in Muslim Countries

Turkey: ARI Movement

Malaysia: International movement for a Just World

Weidenfeld/Janning (1997): Transformation im Nahen Osten und Nordafrika

 

[Media resources][online books, databanks etc.] [Country reports, gov't homepages] [Link compilations][Middle East Research][Political bodies][Political opposition][Constitutional Law][Dialogue between civilizations][Human rights ][links to research on Islam and Muslim Civilization]

B. Trautner's homepage

InIIS-Hompage